WORLD’S CURRENT PROBLEMS
Providing every human being on Earth with even basic health care would be very difficult, if not impossible. With the development of medicine and other sciences we are inventing new and new cures, medical equipment, methods...That is of course great, but that is not the main problem. The main problem is how to supply these in amounts that would satisfy everyone who needs them. That is not just difficult, it is almost impossible. We can provide proper care just for a quite small part of the population.
We are unable to cure some of the current diseases, but that is once again just an easy part of this problem. We know that with the devastation of rainforests, high migration and quick travel systems, we can expect spreading of new diseases as well as the existing ones to populations not immune to them. Overpopulation certainly only helps spreading the epidemics.
We can also expect new diseases from the ozone hole, fertilisers, some food, biological wars, terrorism and other factors, too.
What is there to be said about our relationship with our environment? It is true that we are slowly turning our planet in to a big dustbin. We are consuming resources, which cannot be replaced. Species of animals and plants vanish. Even if we have no respect for such loses, we do not know how big the after-effects may be. We have destroyed the balance, which has existed for millions of years. Maybe a new balance will be established with or without human intention, but the question is, what place, if any, would there be for mankind.
It is true that even now the population of the Earth is higher than we would wish it to be. And it is still growing. We haven't got enough resources to provide all these people with adequate living standards. There are basically two options. First - some people will have much a better fortune compared with the others. Second - people from developed countries will have to give up their comfort and share it with the others. The first option is natural for mankind. So are the laws of the jungle. The strong will survive, the weak will die and their meat will serve the others. And the second option? Good joke. Without developing new technologies, which would be able to satisfy the needs of the poor in our world, there is not a chance to implement such a project.
On the other hand, current reports say that our future will not be as dark as we think. We should be able to feed all the people on Earth if everything is well organised.
As we have seen in our past and as we can expect in the future, there are several reasons for massive migration. Disasters like floods, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, diseases, environmental changes, or just overpopulation can cause famine. And it's quite natural for hungry people to seek food. When they have no other place to go, they visit their neighbours. It is our luck that famine is mostly in poor and badly armed regions. It would be a disaster if some of these countries owned nuclear or biological weapons.
Social and psychical effects of modern society
Apart from the problems that have already been mentioned, there are the ones that are smaller, but even more serious. We should remember that big problems result from small ones. Human beings have existed for quite a long time, their development from caves and tents to cities like New York or even Prague was a challenge for mankind to adapt itself to its environment. The biggest part of a human is an animal, and it is not used to live in such conditions. It has to keep social rules, laws and so on. Most of it is not natural. In our past we had strong religions which were able to hold back the animal, by fear. By fear of punishment which would surely come. As soon as we found out that we can brake the religion rules and the sun would not fall down, we have loosen the bonds and set the animal free. You don't believe it? OK why not, but according to scientific reports, most of our troubles and frustration in our everyday lives come from the fact that we have not had time to adapt to the quickly changing conditions of our world.